Cretan Adventures hiking in Crete Greece

 

Crete - geography

lassithi mountains in crete

Crete, the largest and most mountainous of the Greek islands, is the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean with an area of 8,336 square kilometers (3,219 square miles) and a population of about 650.000.

Crete lies at the point where the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa meet and is divided in four prefectures: Chania, Rethymno, Heraklion, Lassithi.

The Mountains dominate your view from all angles – to the West the Lefka Ori or White Mountains contain more than 52 summits over 2,000 meters high, with Pachnes (2453m) the highest of the range. Mountain Idi or Psiloritis Range in the center of the island, contains the highest summit of Crete, Timios Stavros at 2,456 meters above sea level. In the east the Dikti Mountain range with Spathi (2148m) the highest summit of the range as well as the mountains of Sitia at the eastern end of the island, form a continuous chain from one end of Crete to the other.

These limestone mountains gifted Crete with fertile plateaus like Omalos in the White Mountains, Nida in Psiloritis, and Lassithi plateau in Dikti Mountain range and spectacular caves (more than 3500 have been recorded) that have always been part of Greek Mythology and History, from the birth of Zeus, the Father of Gods, to the most recent European History.

The mountain streams formed dramatic gorges, such as the famous Samaria gorge, creating spectacular botanic gardens, places with plants and animals that do not exist anywhere else on the planet.
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